Africa Day, celebrated on May 25, is the anniversary of the founding of the Organization of African Unity in 1963. The purpose of this group was to promote African solidarity and progress all across the continent. The organization was disbanded in 2002 and replaced by the current African Union (AU), which serves the same purpose. At this time, more than 50 African countries participate in the AU, and meetings of delegates from the countries are held twice a year. The only African country that is not a member of the AU is Morocco. Several countries are under suspension due to coups d’etat or other actions not sanctioned by the AU.
The main objectives of the AU are to promote communication and foster cooperation among African countries who have common economic and societal goals such as the prosperity, health and well-being of African people, as well as promoting peace and security throughout Africa. By working together, they can achieve much more than if each country worked independently to accomplish their objectives. The organization appears to function much in the same way, with the same goals, as the European Union (EU), although the AU’s power and influence on the rest of the world are not as far-reaching and influential as the EU’s at this point.
Even though the Organization of African Unity no longer exists, the original date of May 25 has been kept, and Africa Day is observed as a day to celebrate African unity throughout the continent.
Check it out:
Africa: The Politics of Independence and Unity. This book was written as Africa was just realizing independence and still reveling in the optimism it brought. Immanuel Wallerstein was one of the few scholars who had traveled throughout Africa during the collapse of colonial rule. As a result, he captures the dynamism of that period of transformation and analyzes Africa’s modern political developments during the process of decolonization.